Wisdom teeth are the third molars that should emerge between the ages of 17-26.
In which situations and when should wisdom teeth be extracted?
Wisdom teeth are the last teeth in the mouth. Since they are in an area that is difficult to reach and see, brushing and maintenance can be more difficult than for other teeth. Wisdom teeth easily decay as a result of inadequate brushing, causing pain and bad breath.
In some cases, wisdom teeth cannot emerge as a result of limited space in the jaw. They can remain fully embedded (not visible in the mouth under both the gingiva and jawbone), or they can remain semi-buried under the gingiva and become associated with the oral environment. In this case, they cause food to stick and accumulate in the area where they have come out of the gums, causing infection. This condition, which causes swelling and redness in the gingiva around the wisdom teeth, severe pain spreading to the neck and ears, swelling of the lymph nodes, pain when opening the mouth and swallowing is called pericoronitis.
Fully embedded wisdom teeth can compress the front teeth and create crooked teeth.
In addition, they can cause decay of the adjacent tooth by putting pressure on it. Embedded wisdom teeth, which are unobtrusive for many years, can cause serious problems by causing large cysts in the jaw.
Even if they do not cause any problems, wisdom teeth may need to be extracted for orthodontic treatment to allow the other teeth to line up properly. Therefore, wisdom teeth should be extracted with local anesthesia by anesthetizing only the area where they are located.
Extraction of wisdom teeth should be done by maxillofacial surgeons. Maxillofacial surgeons have 4 years of expertise on average.
Do wisdom teeth have to be extracted?
There is no need to extract a healthy wisdom tooth that has taken its place in the correct position.
Can other teeth remain embedded?
In addition to wisdom teeth, sometimes canines and premolars can also be embedded. If embedded teeth cannot be revealed orthodontically (with braces), they should be extracted the same way.
What kind of oral care and nutrition is needed after the procedure?
On the first day after extraction, spitting, brushing teeth, vigorous rinsing, using a straw or gargling should be avoided. In the first two days, warm, soft foods without granules should be consumed. Antiseptic mouthwashes recommended by the dentist should be used after each food intake and tooth brushing. Pain relievers and, if recommended, antibiotics should be used regularly. You should not smoke for the first 48 hours, as it will impair the healing process.
Is the post extraction period after wisdom teeth extraction painful?
After a fast and skillful surgery, any pain is minimal and easily controlled with mild painkillers.
Will my face swell a lot after extraction?
Swelling in the face varies a lot according to the condition of the tooth and from person to person. A cold pack (ice compress) should be applied to the cheek area for the first 24 hours to prevent swelling. Slight swelling is normal and necessary for healing.